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Home remedies for managing Bronchitis

Home remedies for managing Bronchitis

Bronchitis is one of the most common respiratory diseases marked by the inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes which are responsible for carrying air to your lungs. Experts from the best hospital in Kolkata suggest that Bronchitis can be caused by viruses, bacteria and various irritants that are present in the environment around us. These particles can irritate the bronchial tubes and aggravate them.

The condition is usually marked by a persistent cough, often accompanied by thick and discoloured mucus. The condition can be acute or chronic depending upon how long it lasts. As per the best pulmonologist in Kolkata, chronic bronchitis calls for the need for proper medical treatment, whereas acute bronchitis can be easily treated without any medical intervention. The symptoms of the latter hardly last for 2 to 3 weeks. It is extremely important to watch out for these and treat them at the earliest.

In this blog, we have listed some effective home remedies that can help you to manage bronchitis at home.

Ginger – Time and again experts have emphasized the anti-inflammatory properties of ginger and the same have been proven by various researchers as well. This property can not only help to treat bronchitis but also bring down the rest of various other respiratory infections. It is quite understandable that eating raw ginger won’t be possible for everyone, so you can take it in different forms or ways, which include:

  • Dried or crystallized Ginger
  • Ginger tea
  • With food
  • In the form of capsules

However, it is always a better idea to take Ginger in its natural form only. You can try taking small amounts of it mixed with a little honey. Also, you should take ginger in limited amounts, and refrain from taking its supplements or medication if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or have underlying conditions like diabetes, heart problems or blood disorders.

Garlic – Just like ginger, garlic, too, has a plethora of healing benefits. In fact, studies have shown that garlic can curb the growth of viruses that are responsible for causing bronchitis. All you need to do is add a clove or two to your food. For those who don’t like the taste of garlic, there are other options like garlic capsules. However, it is important to understand that this is not an option for people who have some sort of bleeding disorder. Also, you should not take garlic in excessive amounts as it can upset your stomach.

Turmeric – This is a very common Spice used all across India. It is widely known for its anti-inflammatory and medicinal benefits. It is also known to enhance antioxidant activity which is beneficial in boosting your immunity and reducing irritation. Turmeric can be taken in different forms.

  • You can add it to your pickles or salad
  • You can take it with honey
  • You also take it in the form of a capsule
  • You can take it along with milk or tea
  • Turmeric capsule should not be taken if you have underlying conditions like stomach and gallbladder issues, bleeding disorders, and iron deficiency.

Steam – We know that Bronchitis is marked by the thickening of the mucus. Taking hot steam can help to break this up making it easier to expel. However, you need to be very careful while taking this team making sure that the water is not too hot. This will also help to reduce inflammation by relaxing the muscles. You do not need any sophisticated equipment and just a bowl of hot water and a towel. The best lungs specialist in Kolkata also recommends steam inhalation for reducing the adversity of various respiratory diseases.

All these remedies will surely help to ease the symptoms and aid your recovery, However, it is always a better idea to go for an expert opinion.

Recovering from tuberculosis with a healthy diet – CMRI Kolkata

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is caused by the bacteria MTB ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis). Though the infection primarily affects the lungs, it can affect other parts of your body as well. In the majority of the cases, the patient does not experience any symptom at all. In such cases, the patient is said to have latent tuberculosis, whereas, those experiencing all the symptoms are said to have active tuberculosis infection. It can affect both adults, as well as children and treatment for the same, is offered at all the leading hospitals in Kolkata. 

A person suffering from tuberculosis has to undergo a year-long treatment with a daily dose of antibiotics and other medicines. During this period your main focus should be on boosting your immunity and regaining the lost strength with the right nutrition. It has been found that people who suffer from malnutrition are at a higher risk of developing tuberculosis and have elevated chances of reinfection or relapse, as this can directly impact your immunity and make it weak. As such, it is very important to make healthy changes in your day to day lifestyle and eating habits, that not only boost your immunity but also help you recover from the damage that has already been done. The best TB doctor in Kolkata also recommends healthy dietary modifications to all patients suffering from tuberculosis. 

Focus on getting good nutrition

As you are recovering from TB, you have to closely monitor your nutritional intake and make sure that you take your daily dose of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that aid your recovery and help you get back your strength and stamina. There are a lot of options available when it comes to food and you can always experiment with healthy ingredients. Experts from the best hospital for TB treatment in Kolkata suggest that intake of high-calorie food and energy supplements can easily help to make up for the loss of nutrients. You can also take zinc combined with other micronutrients of vitamin A. Try to include the following foods in your diet:

  • Green leafy vegetables like Kale and spinach, as these are rich in vitamin B and iron
  • Whole grain products like wheat pasta, bread and cereals
  • Foods like tomatoes, blueberries and cherries which are loaded with antioxidants
  • Saturated fats, that are found in vegetable oil or olive oil

Food that should be avoided when you have an active tuberculosis infection

  • Tobacco in all forms
  • Alcohol, coffee and caffeinated drinks
  • Refined carbs
  • Foods containing unsaturated fats and unhealthy cholesterol

Why is staying active and healthy is important? 

Patients suffering from tuberculosis are required to take a lot of medicines. Though these can help to beat the infection, they can trigger certain side effects as well. You may lose your appetite and feel nauseated whenever you try to eat. As you can’t simply stop your treatment midway, you can rather try opting for some healthy dietary habits that can help to lessen the adversity of the side effects. 

You have to try your best to make sure that your body gets all the nutrition that it needs to build strength and fight the disease. If you are finding it difficult to plan a proper diet chart for yourself, you can always take help from the best lungs specialist in Kolkata.  Apart from that you also need to focus on being active and take part in mild to moderate activities that will help to regain the lost strength and function of your lungs. You have to be very patient throughout the treatment and follow the recommended guidelines to avoid any unnecessary complications.

Ways to keep your child’s lungs healthy

Ways to keep your child’s lungs healthy

As children are in a growing stage, their lungs are still developing. As such, it is very important to protect the lungs and strengthen them to ensure that they grow and develop properly. It is important to understand that lungs usually develop rapidly in the initial years and then the pace slows down. The lungs continue to develop and are completely formed by the time the child reaches 8 years of age. The process does not really stop here as teenagers continue to develop air sacs till they reach adulthood. Children are prone to various infections and diseases that can directly or indirectly impact their lungs. Since they are not wise enough to understand this, the leading children’s asthma doctor suggests that it is the duty of the parents to make sure that your little one is away from all such health issues that can drastically impact his/her lungs.

If you are wondering what you can do to keep your child’s lungs healthy, Here are 5 tips from the best pulmonologist in Kolkata that might come in handy.

Avoid exposing your little one to smoke – Smoke happens to be one of the leading causes of lung cancer. However, we are not only referring to cigarette smoke but also other kinds of smoke, like that given by automobiles. This contains hundreds and thousands of chemicals that can damage your lungs tissues and prove to be very harmful to your child’s developing lungs. If you smoke yourself it is better to give up the habit or avoid smoking near your children. It is very important to keep your little one away from cigarette smoke, as secondary smoking too can damage the lungs.

Avoiding exposure to air pollutants – In the past few years, air pollution has increased tremendously, putting not only children but also adults, at a higher risk of developing lung diseases and infections. To be honest, it is not possible to avoid air pollution as it is present all around and you cannot simply stop breathing. However, you can avoid taking your child to areas where the pollution levels are raised. Avoid taking busy roads and going to congested places as the quality of air is quite deteriorated there. If you are going out, try to keep your windows closed, especially when you are waiting for the red light. Experts specializing in asthma treatment in Kolkata suggest that it is important to understand that polluted air is not only present outside your home and you need to be aware of air pollution when you are at home as well. This can be a result of the excessive use of chemicals or using wood burners instead of CNG.

Encourage your little want to stay active – Physical activities play a very crucial role in your child’s lung development. You cannot expect small children to go to the gym and work out. You can rather encourage them to play sports and outdoor games instead of sitting in front of the television or computer screen. You can try different activities every day to keep a child engaged. You can also take your little one to a park and allow him/her to run around and play. Try to bring down the risk of infection – In order to do so, you need to incorporate some healthy habits in your children. Ask your little ones to wash their hands before and after having your meals or using a washroom. You also need to get your child vaccinated against seasonal flu and influenza. If a child is showing any cough or cold-like symptoms, it is important to go and see a doctor immediately for proper evaluation and assessment.

Yoga poses that can improve breathing

Yoga poses that can improve breathing

Pranayama is made of two words prana and yama. Prana means breath and Yama means control. So, according to yoga, breath is the energy that controls your life and is the driving force behind it which is why breathing is given so much importance in yoga. As per the experts from the best hospital in Kolkata, breathing exercises in yoga not only strengthen your life energy but also improves your health by making your lungs stronger.

Doing yoga asanas while focusing on your breaths effectively helps in not only gaining control of the breathing habits but also increase the intake of oxygen as sometimes when we exercise we start panting and are unable to take long and deep breaths. But that is not the case in yoga as yoga gives equal importance to breathing as it does to various stances and positions, if not more. Thus yoga asanas when done correctly and while maintaining the flow of breathing increases oxygenation and lung capacity.

The leading pulmonologist in Kolkata suggests that if you practice yoga regularly, it can help to refine your breathing and lengthen the inhalation and exhalation process which in turn improves the lung muscles. They also help treat various respiratory disorders like cough and cold, sinus, asthma etc by strengthening lung muscles.

Following mentioned yoga poses help strengthen chest muscles and also improve breathing:

Sukhasana

To perform sukhasana you need to sit cross-legged and hold your left wrist with your right hand behind the back. Inhale while pulling your shoulders back and exhale bending forward while trying to touch your forehead to your left knee. Do this a couple of times and then touch your forehead to your right knee. Practising this asana daily helps improve blood flow to the lungs and it also helps reduce stress and anxiety both of which are known to affect our breathing.

Matsyasana

To perform this asana, lie down on your back and fold your arms underneath your body. Inhale deeply while lifting your head and chest up. Keeping the chest elevated, rest the crown of the head on the ground while arching your back. Maintain the pose as long as you can using your elbows and inhale and exhale deeply throughout. This Asana is also known as the destroyer of all illnesses and helps in blood circulation and distribution to the whole body. It also strengthens chest muscles and improves breathing.

Ardha Matsyendrasana

To perform this Asana sit straight with your legs stretched out and feet together. Bending your right leg, bring your left foot around the right knee and place the heel of your right foot beside your left hip. Now, place your left hand behind you and your right hand on your left foot while gently twisting the waist, shoulders, and neck to the left. Look over the left side shoulder and fix your gaze at a certain point so that it’s easier for you to hold this position. Continue breathing in and out deeply and gently. Come back to the original starting position slowly. Repeat the same on the other side also and keep alternating. This Asana expands the chest and stretches the chest muscles, increasing the oxygen supply to the lungs and induces abdominal breathing which is known to enhance lung function.

BhujangAsana

To perform this pose you need to lie flat on your stomach and keep both hands on either side of your shoulders as you do in a push-up position. Slowly inhale while lifting your body by putting pressure on your palms till your arms are completely straight. Fix your gaze at a certain point on the ceiling or sky and hold this position for half a minute. Breathe deeply when you’re in this position and exhale while returning to the starting position. It strengthens the spine, back muscles and belly muscles. It also helps stretch the chest, soothes sciatica and is also known to provide relief from asthmatic symptoms. All these yoga poses are highly recommended by the best lung specialist in Kolkata.

Easy guide to understanding tuberculosis

Easy guide to understanding tuberculosis

Caused by a bacterium, mycobacterium tuberculosis, TB is an infectious disease that predominantly affects the lungs, though it can affect other parts of the body as well. In most cases, the patient does not show any symptoms, this is because not everyone who has been infected with the bacteria becomes sick. In such cases, the patient is said to have latent tuberculosis. In case the patient is experiencing the symptoms, the condition is referred to as TB disease, which, unfortunately, can be quite fatal.

Tuberculosis is not as contagious as cold or flu, however, it spreads just like these two. When a person with active TB diseases sneezes or coughs, he/she expels infected droplets containing the bacteria. These droplets, if inhaled by any other person, who is nearby, can infect him/her as well. As per the best TB doctor in Kolkata, this does not happen instantly and one may have to spend a couple of hours in contact with the infected person to contract the infection.

So, TB infection very commonly spreads between family members as they live in close proximity, within the same house.

Difference between latent and active TB

The immune system of healthy people is strong enough to fight and destroy the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. In such cases, the patient does not experience any major symptom and the person is said to have latent tuberculosis. In other cases, the infected person may start experiencing the symptoms within weeks or months of being infected. This is commonly referred to as active tuberculosis. Experts from the best hospital for TB treatment in Kolkata suggest that around 10% of people with latent TB are likely to develop active TB within a couple of years. This usually happens when the immune system of the patients suffering from latent TB is compromised.

What puts you at a higher risk of getting tuberculosis?

Although anyone can be infected with tuberculosis, there are certain factors that could put you at greater risk. We have listed some of these with the help of the best lungs specialist in Kolkata.

  • Being and long term contact with a person who has been infected with tuberculosis
  • Living or working in a congested/crowded area.
  • Having an underlying medical condition that weakens the immune system
  • Undergoing treatments that can weaken the immune system and make it more prone to infection
  • Big very old or young, as your immune system tends to be weaker
  • Living in unhygienic conditions
  • Lack of proper and nutritious diet
  • Lifestyle problems that include substance abuse and excessive alcohol consumption

What can you do to prevent the spread of infection?

It is pertinent to note that a person diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis will be contagious for almost 2 to 3 weeks following the start of the treatment. Though you may not be required to stay in isolation, it is always a better idea to take all the basic precautions to protect your family and friends.

  • You need to avoid going to work/college/school, and other crowded places to make sure that you do not come in close contact with anyone else
  • You should make it a habit of covering your mouth with disposable tissue on your elbow while coughing, sneezing or even laughing.
  • Make sure you dispose of all your used tissues properly and wash your handkerchiefs thoroughly
  • Keep your room well ventilated and make sure you do not miss out on your daily dose of fresh air in the morning
  • If possible, isolate yourself at home and sleep in a separate room.

Watch out for the symptoms and seek immediate medical intervention. TB is curable, all you need to do is be vigilant.

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