Introduction: Shaped like a pear, a saclike organ in the upper right part of the abdomen is the Gall bladder, just below the front rib cage on the right side it is located below the Liver. Considering a pouch that stores bile, a green-yellow liquid that helps with digestion. Most gallstones form when consumed too much cholesterol in the bile. When bile cholesterol and bilirubin are present in the gallbladder, solid particles are formed and these are known as Gallstones.
Let’s see the Causes for the formation of Gall bladder stones
- Observations say that 80 percent of gallstones are made of cholesterol. The remaining are made of calcium salts and bilirubin which account to 20%.
- Too much cholesterol in the bile: Having too much cholesterol in the bile can lead to yellow cholesterol stones. These hard stones may develop if the liver makes more cholesterol than the bile can dissolve.
- Too much bilirubin in the bile: Bilirubin is a chemical produced when the liver destroys old red blood cells. Some conditions cause the liver to produce more bilirubin than it should. These can be liver damage and certain blood disorders. Pigment gallstones form when the gallbladder increases break down the excess bilirubin. These hard stones are mostly dark brown or black.
- Full gallbladder results in a concentrated bile: The gallbladder needs to empty its bile to be healthy and to function properly. If it fails to empty its bile content, the bile becomes overly focused, which causes stones to form.
Symptoms: These are some symptoms of Gallstones
- Pain in the upper right abdomen. The patient may start to have gallbladder pain from time to time when he eats foods that are high in fat, such as fried foods. The pain considering usually last more than a few hours.
- The patient may also experience:
• dark urine
• clay-coloured stools
• stomach pain
- Asymptomatic gallstones:
Gallstones themselves cause pain. The patient suffers from pain when the gallstones block the movement of bile from the gallbladder. 80 percent of people have “silent gallstones.” This means they experienced experience pain or have symptoms. With the help of X-rays or during abdomen surgery the doctor discovers the gallstones.
How Can I Prevent Gallstones?
- A sensible diet: It is suggested that people who indulge in crash diets or have a very low intake of calories (less than 800 calories daily) usually have chances of developing Gallstones. It is better if this is avoided. Instead of a crash diet, the person can seek out good sources of fiber raw fruits and vegetables, cooked dried beans and peas, whole-grain cereals and bran and avoid eating too much fat. Having a high-fibre, low-fat diet helps keep bile cholesterol in liquid form. However, it is not sensible to cut out fats abruptly or eliminate them altogether, as too little fat can also result in gallstone formation.
- Consumption of olive oil: Researchers have found that if Olive oil is included in the diet, the formation of gallstones is relatively low.
- Consumption of Lecithin also solves the problem to a major extent. This is a natural substance used as a thickener in ice cream, mayonnaise, and other foods Lecithin is found in a variety of foods, like Soyabeans, Oatmeal, eggs, milk, peanuts, cabbage, and chocolate. 500 milligrams to 1,000 milligrams of consuming lecithin daily can prevent Gallstones
Patients can take the following precautions:
- Lose Weight Gradually, Not Rapidly
- Eat Healthy
- Take preventive medicines
How Do I Know if I Have Gallstones?
- If the symptoms suggest a gallstone problem, the doctor might first examine the skin for jaundice, and then feel the abdomen to check for tenderness. A blood test may show the causes as well.
- Sometimes some digestive problems such as an infection of the duct, can produce symptoms similar to those of a gallstone attack but here the doctor may run certain tests to determine if the gallstones are in fact the problem here.
- The most widely adopted technique is an ultrasound exam.
- Sometimes, certain advanced and complicated tests may be used if the doctor suspects that a gallstone is lodged in a bile duct. This is known as ERCP in which the doctor looks at the bile duct through a small flexible tube called an endoscope.
What Are the Treatments for Gallstones?
- If the patient shows any of the above mentioned symptoms, treatment of gallstones is considered necessary only then. Conventionally, Gall bladder is removed with the help of a surgery.
Other than above method, following can be adopted as well:
- Conventional Medicine for Gallstones
- Gallstones and Watchful Waiting
- Controlling weight, eating heathy, exercising, and being careful about the medication the patients are on are all ways to prevent gallstones.
Regular physical activity, healthy food habits and maintaining an overall healthy lifestyle can reduce cholesterol levels and help prevent gallstones from forming and non-formation of stones is surely a way to go healthy.