Short stay surgeries are surgeries in which the patient is discharged within 48 hours of being admitted. The objective of a short stay surgery is to enhance the quality of patient care by reducing the unnecessary length of hospital stay.
This aspect of medicine is consistently evolving and today, more and more surgeries are being transformed into short stay procedures with the help of advanced techniques and modern equipments. The main advantage of such surgeries is the convenience to the patient and the family, as well as the cost effectiveness. These surgeries involve minimum pain, involve early discharge and the recovery rate is fast. Most of these surgeries are minimally invasive procedures which imply that the damage to the surrounding tissues and organs is minimal and also there is lesser inflammation and blood loss.
Most short stay surgeries take about 30 minutes to 2-hours and deploy high-end surgical techniques and advanced surgical equipments to ensure early discharge and faster recovery. These surgeries are also known as day surgeries, day case surgeries, same-day surgeries, etc. These are also most commonly referred to as outpatient surgeries, implying that the patient does not have to stay overnight in the hospital in most cases.
Benefits of short stay surgery
- Shorter stay in hospital
- Easy and fast recovery’
- Recovery at the comfort of your home
- Cost effective
- Minimally invasive negligible chances of bleeding or infection
- Less swelling or complications
- Easier to sleep and rest
- Less risk of infections acquired from the hospital
Preparation for short stay surgery
The patient is administered with the required form of anesthesia or medication to help them remain calm and not feel the pain during the procedure. There are four basic types of anesthesia in a short duration surgery such as general, regional, monitored, and local. The preparation for the procedure depends on the type of anesthesia. In case of sedation or general anesthesia, the patient is advised to not drink or eat anything for several hours before the surgery. However, for local anesthesia which is mostly used in minor short stay surgeries, this preparation is not required.
Also, the patient must ensure to bring along a family member or a friend so that they can drive back the patient home safely. The patient will not be allowed to drive back on his or her own until the effect of anesthesia completely fades out. Moreover, having someone by the side helps the patient relax before the procedure.
Also, patients must wear loose and comfortable clothing and plan well before the surgery for the recovery period. In case of a local anesthetic procedure, the patient is allowed to go home very soon; but in case of general anesthesia or sedation, the doctor may monitor the patient for a few hours to check for vitals such as heart rate, breathing, etc. Once discharged, the patient is advised to be taken care of by someone at home for at least the first 24-hours. The patient might feel sore and sleepy after the surgery, and could also have minor impact on the reflexes and judgment for a while. So, it is best to stay home and rest.
For the side effects in a short stay surgery, the patients must confirm with the doctor before hand about the effects of the surgery, the type of soreness, how to treat it or reduce pain and when to call for help.
Common short stay surgeries
Some of the common short stay surgeries include:
Bariatric surgery: The aim of bariatric surgery is to reduce the body fat by making changes in the digestive system of the body. This surgery is a type of metabolic procedure that claims to reduce more than 50% of excess weight during the initial 6 months after the surgery. In a bariatric surgery, the doctor will modify the digestive system to limit the intake of food by making the stomach smaller; thus making one feel fuller even after a small meal. It may also involve making changes in the small intestines to limit the absorption of nutrients and calories from food. A bariatric surgery is the most sought after method in cases where diet and exercises have failed to produce results and obesity has been causing very serious health complications.
ENT Surgery: Ear, nose and throat of the human body are interlinked through a complex system of tubes and passages; hence, a health issue in one part has the potential of impacting the other. Because these three organs are interconnected, they are medically treated by the same specialist known as an ENT doctor or in accurate medical terminology called an otolaryngologist.Some of the common problems that come under the purview of ENT specialists or an otolaryngologist include (but are not limited to):
- Infections of the ear nose and throat
- Hearing loss
- Trouble with balance
- Deviated Septum
- Hair loss
- Nose bleeds
- Nasal congestion
- Smell problems
- Cleft palate
- Breathing problems
- Swimmer’s ear
- Nerve problems of the ear, nose and throat
- Problems in swallowing or drinking
- Vocal issues
- Strep Throat
- Infections and tumours of the head and neck
- Snoring issue
- Obstructive sleep apnea
Gynecology Surgeries: With the changes in lifestyle and diet preferences, along with the changing environmental conditions, women encounter a lot of gynaecological conditions which need medical attention and proper medical care. Some conditions that require gynaecology surgeries include cervical dysplasia, menstrual disorders, pelvic floor prolapse, pelvic pain, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), uterine fibroids, urinary incontinence, menopausal issues, etc.
Plastic and Cosmetic surgeries: Certain types of plastic and cosmetic surgeries are also short stay surgeries.Plastic surgery aim to treat body structures affected aesthetically or functionally by conditions such as congenital, developmental abnormalities, trauma, injury, infection, birth defects, tumour or disease. The surgeries are primarily done with the intention to enhance the functionality, while in some cases it could also involve improving the physical appearance of the affected body structure.
Moreover, a lot of urological procedure, orthopedic surgeries and ophthalmology procedures are short stay surgeries. However, the duration of the surgery, the hospital stay, recovery rate, etc. is dependent on the type of surgery, intensity of the problem, as well as general health and age of the patient.