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Getting familiar with common sleep disorders

Getting familiar with common sleep disorders

Sleep disorders is an umbrella term used for a wide gamut of medical conditions that impact the quality and duration of your sleep leading to sleep deprivation. This can have a negative impact on your body and affect your functionality as well as the quality of your life. This can also give rise to a wide range of health problems, both physical as well as psychological. There are many different types of sleep disorders and knowing about these is important, especially if you are finding it difficult to fall asleep from the past few days. As per the best doctor for sleep disorders, there are more than a hundred different types of sleep disorders that usually affect your sleep in 4 ways:

  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • Difficulty staying awake
  • Inability to maintain a proper sleep-wake pattern
  • Unusual sleep behaviour

Sleep disorders can be a result of many factors. These may be caused by an underlying medical condition, genetic predisposition, lifestyle factors, obesity, poor dietary habits are medication taken from some other medical condition.

In this blog, we are going to discuss some major types of sleep disorders with the help of experts from the best multispeciality hospital in Kolkata.

Insomnia – It is one of the most common sleep disorders with around 10 per cent of the adult population dealing with chronic health complications related to insomnia and approximately 30 to 40 per cent getting it every now and then. The condition is marked by the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. Insomnia can be of many different types and it is quite possible that you may not experience the same symptoms as others around you. While some people take 20 to 30 minutes to fall asleep even after lying down in their beds, others wake up too early and are not able to fall asleep again. One can also experience both problems in combination. Some people may experience an acute form of insomnia, which lasts only for a couple of days while others may experience the chronic form that lasts for weeks or even months. If you are looking for the best treatment for insomnia you should consult an expert in the field.

Snoring and sleep apnea – The only negative impact of snoring that one may think of is keeping their partner awake. Although it may seem completely harmless and natural, snoring is not always a good sign. The reason why we snore is that our throat closes as we breathe, thereby cutting off the air supply for a few seconds. The problem can aggravate and develop into sleep apnea which is a chronic medical condition with serious side effects. In patients suffering from the condition, the air supply may be cut off for 10 seconds or more and that too. multiple times in an hour. This is usually a result of an obstruction in the upper airway, i.e. obstructive sleep apnea, or the periodic inability of the brain to keep you breathing, i.e. central sleep apnea. The name comes from the fact that the problem arises from the central nervous system. Sleep apnea has been linked to chronic medical conditions like hypertension and diabetes.

Parasomnia – The term parasomnia comes from the Latin word meaning ‘around sleep’. The condition is marked by abnormal sleep behaviours or events that occur at a specific stage of your sleep. These include problems like sleepwalking, sleep terror, sleep sex, sleep eating and rapid eye movement behaviour disorder. These are only a few examples and there are many other types. People suffering from extreme forms of parasomnia can prove to be dangerous not only for themselves but also for those around them. Sleep paralysis – Imagine waking up from your sleep and not being able to move your body. You know that you are awake but your body is not responding and neither are you able to cry for help. The experience can be really terrifying. Sleep paralysis is a condition that happens while you are transitioning between sleep and being awake. Some people may also hallucinate, imagining a stranger on their side, who is trying to harm them. The episode hardly lasts for more than a couple of minutes and once you get used to these, the experience becomes less frightening. Experts suggest that nearly 25 to 40% of people are likely to experience sleep paralysis at least once in their life. There may not be any reason behind it or it may be triggered by some mental health condition such as bipolar disorder.

best treatment for insomnia

Possible causes of Insomnia

Possible causes of Insomnia

Insomnia is a very common sleep disorder, affecting nearly 35 per cent of the adult population. Marked by the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep during the night, insomnia can lead to serious effects and give rise to a variety of health issues. The fact that you are not able to complete your sleep at night is very likely to make you feel tired and sleepy during the day. As such, you may find it rather difficult to focus on what you are doing and also face higher risks of automobile accidents. As per the best doctor for sleep disorders in Kolkata, sleep deprivation can affect you both physically, as well as mentally. But, the question here is, ‘What causes Insomnia?’

Before we answer this question, it is important for you to understand that the condition is not the same for everyone and different people can understand distinct forms of insomnia, depending on various factors, including the reason behind it. While short term insomnia is experienced only for a brief period of time, chronic insomnia may be experienced for months at a stretch. While, for some, the major problem is falling asleep, for others, it is the inability to maintain that sleep.

There are numerous causes of insomnia, and in certain cases, more than one factor may be involved.

Experts offering the best treatment for insomnia suggest that the problem might be caused by a state of hyperarousal, which interferes with your body’s ability to fall asleep. These can be either mental or physical and may be triggered by numerous factors.

  • Insomnia caused by stress – Mental stress can affect your body in a number of ways which can directly or indirectly impact the quality of your sleep. No matter what the source of the stress is, whether it is due to excess workload, relationship problems, exposure to traumatic situations (post-traumatic stress disorder) or any other reason. Our body physically responds to the stress, leading to hyperarousal. The fact that you are not able to sleep properly may add to your stress and the chain continues. Studies have shown that some individuals are more prone to stress-related sleeping problems as compared to others. This is due to higher sleep reactivity.
  • Insomnia caused by an irregular sleep schedule – Ever heard about the circadian rhythm? Well, in simple terms, it can be defined as the body’s internal clock, which somewhat works in synchronization with the natural day and night. In some people, the circadian cycle can get misaligned owing to their irregular sleep patterns. For instance, people who work night shifts, or people who travel from one time zone to another. While the rhythm may be shifted backwards in certain cases, in others, it may be shifted forward.
  • Insomnia caused by unhealthy lifestyle – Experts from the best multispeciality hospital in Kolkata suggest that unhealthy lifestyle practices, too, can be a contributing factor behind your insomnia. Unhealthy routines and lifestyle habits can affect your body in countless ways, however, we do not usually realize this until the damage is done. These habits include:
  • Staying up late for work or any other reason, which keeps your brain stimulated
  • Napping frequently during the daytime
  • Waking up late in the morning
  • Taking caffeine late in the evening or at night
  • Insomnia caused by pain and other medical conditions – It is extremely difficult to fall asleep when you are in pain, as the situation can be very uncomfortable and make it difficult for you to lie still in bed. The pain may be due to an injury or an underlying condition. In some cases, insomnia may also be the result of the medication that you have been taking for the management of some other medical condition.

Best Doctor For Sleep Disorders Explaining Insomnia

Best Doctor For Sleep Disorders Explaining Insomnia

Sleep Disorders

Spending your nights listening to the ticking sounds of the clock and wondering why the time isn’t passing by? You glare at your alarm clock, it’s still 3 am, and there is no sign of sleep in your eyes. Yet another night of not being able to fall asleep. Frustrating isn’t it?

You must have heard the term Insomnia before. It is a condition marked by the inability to fall asleep at night. The best doctor for sleep disorders suggest that sleep deprivation can even prove to be life-threatening. So, if you think that your insomnia is not a big deal, you might need to reconsider that thought.

Whether you are not able to sleep at all or keep waking up time and again. Either way, your sleep is incomplete. Having a good sleep at night is very important to keep your system working well. Even if you go without sleep for 1 day, it can impact your whole day and you might even feel cranky or grumpy. As per the best lung specialist in Kolkata, insomnia can be a symptom of an underlying medical ailment. In fact, many conditions related to the lungs, liver, heart, etc can make it difficult for you to sleep properly at night. However, these are not the only reasons and sometimes we bring the problem upon ourselves unknowingly, with our unhealthy lifestyle choices.

There can be a plethora of reasons behind why you are not able to doze off at night. While some people might not be able to sleep well for a few days, others might experience the problem for weeks or even months. Depending upon these, insomnia has been classified into a few different types. These are:

  • Acute insomnia – As the name suggests, it is a short-term problem that may last for a few days or weeks. Also referred to as adjustment insomnia, it is the most common type of insomnia that is usually experienced when a person is under a lot of stress. For instance, if someone suffers a financial loss or loses a loved one to death. Apart from stress, the condition may also be triggered by any of the following:
  • Environmental factors that include noise, or light
  • Sleeping in a new or unfamiliar place
  • Lack of proper and comfortable bedding
  • Use of certain medication
  • Underlying medical ailment
  • Jet lag
  • Chronic insomnia – You are suffering from chronic insomnia if you are experiencing trouble falling asleep at least 3 days a week for a month or more at a stretch. This can be further classified as primary and secondary. The former is commonly referred to as idiopathic insomnia and does not have a specific cause, the latter is known as comorbid insomnia and occurs in combination with some other known medical condition. Some of the leading causes of chronic insomnia include:  
  • Chronic medical ailments like diabetes, hyperthyroidism and sleep apnoea
  • Conditions related to mental health, such as depression, anxiety and ADHD
  • Taking strong medication, that includes drugs taken for chemotherapy, antidepressants, etc
  • High intake of caffeine and other stimulants
  • Onset insomnia – It is a condition marked by difficulty in falling asleep. It can either be acute or chronic and is usually a result of psychological or psychiatric issues like stress and anxiety. Some studies have shown that people with chronic onset insomnia are also likely to have other sleep disorders like restless leg syndrome.
  • Maintenance insomnia – The condition is marked by the inability to stay asleep. A person suffering from maintenance insomnia will keep waking up at night and find it difficult to go back to sleep. This can be a result of any of the following:
  • Mental health condition like depression
  • Sleep apnoea
  • Asthma or some other respiratory condition
  • Restless leg syndrome

You can find some of the top hospitals in Kolkata, offering the best treatment for insomnia.

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