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Recovering from tuberculosis with a healthy diet – CMRI Kolkata

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is caused by the bacteria MTB ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis). Though the infection primarily affects the lungs, it can affect other parts of your body as well. In the majority of the cases, the patient does not experience any symptom at all. In such cases, the patient is said to have latent tuberculosis, whereas, those experiencing all the symptoms are said to have active tuberculosis infection. It can affect both adults, as well as children and treatment for the same, is offered at all the leading hospitals in Kolkata. 

A person suffering from tuberculosis has to undergo a year-long treatment with a daily dose of antibiotics and other medicines. During this period your main focus should be on boosting your immunity and regaining the lost strength with the right nutrition. It has been found that people who suffer from malnutrition are at a higher risk of developing tuberculosis and have elevated chances of reinfection or relapse, as this can directly impact your immunity and make it weak. As such, it is very important to make healthy changes in your day to day lifestyle and eating habits, that not only boost your immunity but also help you recover from the damage that has already been done. The best TB doctor in Kolkata also recommends healthy dietary modifications to all patients suffering from tuberculosis. 

Focus on getting good nutrition

As you are recovering from TB, you have to closely monitor your nutritional intake and make sure that you take your daily dose of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that aid your recovery and help you get back your strength and stamina. There are a lot of options available when it comes to food and you can always experiment with healthy ingredients. Experts from the best hospital for TB treatment in Kolkata suggest that intake of high-calorie food and energy supplements can easily help to make up for the loss of nutrients. You can also take zinc combined with other micronutrients of vitamin A. Try to include the following foods in your diet:

  • Green leafy vegetables like Kale and spinach, as these are rich in vitamin B and iron
  • Whole grain products like wheat pasta, bread and cereals
  • Foods like tomatoes, blueberries and cherries which are loaded with antioxidants
  • Saturated fats, that are found in vegetable oil or olive oil

Food that should be avoided when you have an active tuberculosis infection

  • Tobacco in all forms
  • Alcohol, coffee and caffeinated drinks
  • Refined carbs
  • Foods containing unsaturated fats and unhealthy cholesterol

Why is staying active and healthy is important? 

Patients suffering from tuberculosis are required to take a lot of medicines. Though these can help to beat the infection, they can trigger certain side effects as well. You may lose your appetite and feel nauseated whenever you try to eat. As you can’t simply stop your treatment midway, you can rather try opting for some healthy dietary habits that can help to lessen the adversity of the side effects. 

You have to try your best to make sure that your body gets all the nutrition that it needs to build strength and fight the disease. If you are finding it difficult to plan a proper diet chart for yourself, you can always take help from the best lungs specialist in Kolkata.  Apart from that you also need to focus on being active and take part in mild to moderate activities that will help to regain the lost strength and function of your lungs. You have to be very patient throughout the treatment and follow the recommended guidelines to avoid any unnecessary complications.

Easy guide to understanding tuberculosis

Easy guide to understanding tuberculosis

Caused by a bacterium, mycobacterium tuberculosis, TB is an infectious disease that predominantly affects the lungs, though it can affect other parts of the body as well. In most cases, the patient does not show any symptoms, this is because not everyone who has been infected with the bacteria becomes sick. In such cases, the patient is said to have latent tuberculosis. In case the patient is experiencing the symptoms, the condition is referred to as TB disease, which, unfortunately, can be quite fatal.

Tuberculosis is not as contagious as cold or flu, however, it spreads just like these two. When a person with active TB diseases sneezes or coughs, he/she expels infected droplets containing the bacteria. These droplets, if inhaled by any other person, who is nearby, can infect him/her as well. As per the best TB doctor in Kolkata, this does not happen instantly and one may have to spend a couple of hours in contact with the infected person to contract the infection.

So, TB infection very commonly spreads between family members as they live in close proximity, within the same house.

Difference between latent and active TB

The immune system of healthy people is strong enough to fight and destroy the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. In such cases, the patient does not experience any major symptom and the person is said to have latent tuberculosis. In other cases, the infected person may start experiencing the symptoms within weeks or months of being infected. This is commonly referred to as active tuberculosis. Experts from the best hospital for TB treatment in Kolkata suggest that around 10% of people with latent TB are likely to develop active TB within a couple of years. This usually happens when the immune system of the patients suffering from latent TB is compromised.

What puts you at a higher risk of getting tuberculosis?

Although anyone can be infected with tuberculosis, there are certain factors that could put you at greater risk. We have listed some of these with the help of the best lungs specialist in Kolkata.

  • Being and long term contact with a person who has been infected with tuberculosis
  • Living or working in a congested/crowded area.
  • Having an underlying medical condition that weakens the immune system
  • Undergoing treatments that can weaken the immune system and make it more prone to infection
  • Big very old or young, as your immune system tends to be weaker
  • Living in unhygienic conditions
  • Lack of proper and nutritious diet
  • Lifestyle problems that include substance abuse and excessive alcohol consumption

What can you do to prevent the spread of infection?

It is pertinent to note that a person diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis will be contagious for almost 2 to 3 weeks following the start of the treatment. Though you may not be required to stay in isolation, it is always a better idea to take all the basic precautions to protect your family and friends.

  • You need to avoid going to work/college/school, and other crowded places to make sure that you do not come in close contact with anyone else
  • You should make it a habit of covering your mouth with disposable tissue on your elbow while coughing, sneezing or even laughing.
  • Make sure you dispose of all your used tissues properly and wash your handkerchiefs thoroughly
  • Keep your room well ventilated and make sure you do not miss out on your daily dose of fresh air in the morning
  • If possible, isolate yourself at home and sleep in a separate room.

Watch out for the symptoms and seek immediate medical intervention. TB is curable, all you need to do is be vigilant.

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