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Home remedies for managing Bronchitis

Home remedies for managing Bronchitis

Bronchitis is one of the most common respiratory diseases marked by the inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes which are responsible for carrying air to your lungs. Experts from the best hospital in Kolkata suggest that Bronchitis can be caused by viruses, bacteria and various irritants that are present in the environment around us. These particles can irritate the bronchial tubes and aggravate them.

The condition is usually marked by a persistent cough, often accompanied by thick and discoloured mucus. The condition can be acute or chronic depending upon how long it lasts. As per the best pulmonologist in Kolkata, chronic bronchitis calls for the need for proper medical treatment, whereas acute bronchitis can be easily treated without any medical intervention. The symptoms of the latter hardly last for 2 to 3 weeks. It is extremely important to watch out for these and treat them at the earliest.

In this blog, we have listed some effective home remedies that can help you to manage bronchitis at home.

Ginger – Time and again experts have emphasized the anti-inflammatory properties of ginger and the same have been proven by various researchers as well. This property can not only help to treat bronchitis but also bring down the rest of various other respiratory infections. It is quite understandable that eating raw ginger won’t be possible for everyone, so you can take it in different forms or ways, which include:

  • Dried or crystallized Ginger
  • Ginger tea
  • With food
  • In the form of capsules

However, it is always a better idea to take Ginger in its natural form only. You can try taking small amounts of it mixed with a little honey. Also, you should take ginger in limited amounts, and refrain from taking its supplements or medication if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or have underlying conditions like diabetes, heart problems or blood disorders.

Garlic – Just like ginger, garlic, too, has a plethora of healing benefits. In fact, studies have shown that garlic can curb the growth of viruses that are responsible for causing bronchitis. All you need to do is add a clove or two to your food. For those who don’t like the taste of garlic, there are other options like garlic capsules. However, it is important to understand that this is not an option for people who have some sort of bleeding disorder. Also, you should not take garlic in excessive amounts as it can upset your stomach.

Turmeric – This is a very common Spice used all across India. It is widely known for its anti-inflammatory and medicinal benefits. It is also known to enhance antioxidant activity which is beneficial in boosting your immunity and reducing irritation. Turmeric can be taken in different forms.

  • You can add it to your pickles or salad
  • You can take it with honey
  • You also take it in the form of a capsule
  • You can take it along with milk or tea
  • Turmeric capsule should not be taken if you have underlying conditions like stomach and gallbladder issues, bleeding disorders, and iron deficiency.

Steam – We know that Bronchitis is marked by the thickening of the mucus. Taking hot steam can help to break this up making it easier to expel. However, you need to be very careful while taking this team making sure that the water is not too hot. This will also help to reduce inflammation by relaxing the muscles. You do not need any sophisticated equipment and just a bowl of hot water and a towel. The best lungs specialist in Kolkata also recommends steam inhalation for reducing the adversity of various respiratory diseases.

All these remedies will surely help to ease the symptoms and aid your recovery, However, it is always a better idea to go for an expert opinion.

Ways to keep your child’s lungs healthy

Ways to keep your child’s lungs healthy

As children are in a growing stage, their lungs are still developing. As such, it is very important to protect the lungs and strengthen them to ensure that they grow and develop properly. It is important to understand that lungs usually develop rapidly in the initial years and then the pace slows down. The lungs continue to develop and are completely formed by the time the child reaches 8 years of age. The process does not really stop here as teenagers continue to develop air sacs till they reach adulthood. Children are prone to various infections and diseases that can directly or indirectly impact their lungs. Since they are not wise enough to understand this, the leading children’s asthma doctor suggests that it is the duty of the parents to make sure that your little one is away from all such health issues that can drastically impact his/her lungs.

If you are wondering what you can do to keep your child’s lungs healthy, Here are 5 tips from the best pulmonologist in Kolkata that might come in handy.

Avoid exposing your little one to smoke – Smoke happens to be one of the leading causes of lung cancer. However, we are not only referring to cigarette smoke but also other kinds of smoke, like that given by automobiles. This contains hundreds and thousands of chemicals that can damage your lungs tissues and prove to be very harmful to your child’s developing lungs. If you smoke yourself it is better to give up the habit or avoid smoking near your children. It is very important to keep your little one away from cigarette smoke, as secondary smoking too can damage the lungs.

Avoiding exposure to air pollutants – In the past few years, air pollution has increased tremendously, putting not only children but also adults, at a higher risk of developing lung diseases and infections. To be honest, it is not possible to avoid air pollution as it is present all around and you cannot simply stop breathing. However, you can avoid taking your child to areas where the pollution levels are raised. Avoid taking busy roads and going to congested places as the quality of air is quite deteriorated there. If you are going out, try to keep your windows closed, especially when you are waiting for the red light. Experts specializing in asthma treatment in Kolkata suggest that it is important to understand that polluted air is not only present outside your home and you need to be aware of air pollution when you are at home as well. This can be a result of the excessive use of chemicals or using wood burners instead of CNG.

Encourage your little want to stay active – Physical activities play a very crucial role in your child’s lung development. You cannot expect small children to go to the gym and work out. You can rather encourage them to play sports and outdoor games instead of sitting in front of the television or computer screen. You can try different activities every day to keep a child engaged. You can also take your little one to a park and allow him/her to run around and play. Try to bring down the risk of infection – In order to do so, you need to incorporate some healthy habits in your children. Ask your little ones to wash their hands before and after having your meals or using a washroom. You also need to get your child vaccinated against seasonal flu and influenza. If a child is showing any cough or cold-like symptoms, it is important to go and see a doctor immediately for proper evaluation and assessment.

Managing asthma in kids under 5 years of age

Managing asthma in kids under 5 years of age

Asthma is a chronic medical condition marked by severe inflammation in the airways that allow oxygen to reach the lungs. It is marked by frequent episodes of breathing difficulty, commonly referred to as asthma attacks, which may be triggered by a variety of reasons including allergies, infections and overexertion. In some cases, even stress can lead to an asthma attack. The problem can be quite overwhelming for adults, let alone for kids below 5 years of age. In infants and toddlers, asthma is characterized by two primary symptoms, i.e. comparing and wheezing, which may also be caused by some other underlying medical condition. As per the top children’s asthma doctor, it is due to this very reason that the diagnosis and management of asthma in small children can be comparatively difficult.

Even the standard diagnostic modalities available for assessing a person’s breathing rate may not be able to give precise results when it comes to children. Hence, proper management and regular monitoring of asthma in small children, especially those below 5 years of age are mandatory.

Here are a few symptoms that you need to look out for, as listed by experts from the best multispeciality hospital in Kolkata.

  • Cough and wheezing
  • Breathlessness
  • Tightness or pressure in the chest

It is pertinent to know that the symptoms may vary in terms of their severity and patterns and these usually tend to worsen at night. The coughing and wheezing also become adverse and your child becomes more vulnerable to infections and allergy triggers.

There are certain events that may trigger your child’s asthma attack. These include the following:

  • Respiratory infections like cold
  • Exposure to certain allergens like dust, cigarette smoke or pollen
  • Indulging in rigorous activities
  • Feeding rapidly (in infants)
  • Sudden shock or trauma that causes emotional reactions like crying
  • Gastrointestinal reflux
  • Weather change

By now you must be familiar with asthma and its major triggers. Now, let us focus on how we can manage the condition in small children. As per the leading pulmonologist in Kolkata, the primary aim of Asthma treatment in children is to treat airway inflammation and prevent asthma attacks. The treatment also focuses on reducing the impact of asthma triggers and helping the child lead a normal life.

The treatment is not started abruptly, but there is a stepwise approach that is to be followed. The doctor may start with a smaller dose and increase it gradually. If the child is stable and does not show any major symptoms, the dose may be again lowered.

Long-term control with the help of medication – These medicines are usually taken on a daily basis and include:

  • Inhaled corticosteroids – This is one of the most common drugs used for asthma management in children below 5 years of age. In fact, it is the most preferred treatment listed in the National Asthma Education and Prevention Guidelines. Some of the commonly inhaled corticosteroids available in the market include budesonide and fluticasone.
  • Leukotrienes modifiers – These are usually recommended to children who do not show considerable improvement with inhaled corticosteroids alone. The medicine is available in the form of chewable tablets. For infants, the same can be given in the pureed form.
  • Long-acting beta-agonist – This is also an inhaled drug that can be given along with corticosteroids.
  • Cromolyn – It is an inhaled drug that helps to block any kind of informative event. It is given in combination with corticosteroid treatment and is known to add to the effectiveness of the same.
  • Oral corticosteroids – These are given when inhaled corticosteroids fail to help the patient.

Medication for short term management-

Also referred to as short-acting bronchodilators, these medicines provide instant relief from the symptoms of asthma, however, the effect does not last for more than 4 to 6 hours. These include albuterol and levalbuterol. These are usually given to children who do not have any severe asthma symptoms. However, if a child needs the medication frequently, there might be a need to shift to long-term medication.

children's asthma

Know your child’s asthma triggers

Know your child’s asthma triggers

One of the best ways to help your little ones manage their asthma is by distancing them from various asthma triggers. While most of these are usually harmless to healthy people, those suffering from a condition like asthma, might be drastically affected by the same. In this blog, we have shed light on some common asthma triggers as listed by the best pulmonologist in Kolkata. These include:

·       Allergens

·       Irritants or pollutants

·       Weather conditions

·       Exercise

·       Gastroesophageal reflux (GER)

Being a parent, it is important for you to understand that your child’s asthma may be triggered by reasons, some of which are more common during certain specific times of the year. Some children might even outgrow the problem with time, while others might need to take lifelong medication.

If your child’s asthma is triggered by allergens

Allergens, as the name suggests, are likely to give rise to allergies that lead to the flare-up Allergens like animal dander, cockroaches, dust mites and moulds, are quite likely to trigger asthma  Allergens are one of the most common asthma triggers. They include animal dander, dust, mould, mites etc.

Though it is impossible to completely get rid of all allergens at once, you can minimize their quantity        in your home by following these simple tips by the leading children’s asthma doctor:

·         Keep your home clean and dust free.

·         Wash your beddings in hot water and avoid using feather pillows

·         Avoid using rugs and mats at home as dust can easily accumulate over them

·         Wash your curtains very often

·         Clean and sanitize your washrooms, basements and balconies more often

·          Refrain from using humidifiers

If your child’s asthma is triggered by environmental irritants

Environmental irritants not only affect those who have asthma, but also people who do not have any such condition. Though these are not that serious generally, however the same can’t be said for kids with asthma. The irritants can swell up their airways and trigger flare ups. Common irritants that are found at home include perfumes, paints, tobacco smoke etc. You can easily reduce your child’s exposure to these by following these simple tips.

Ø  Try to use unscented or non-aerosol products

Ø  Avoid wood fires

Ø  Restrict your little one from going in areas where painting or carpentry work is being done.

Ø  Make sure your kitchen is well ventilated.

Ø  Avoid smoking around your child

Ø  If possible, get an air purifier or use an air conditioner on a regular basis.

If your child’s asthma is triggered by extreme weather conditions

Leading experts specializing in asthma treatment in Kolkata suggest that asthma flare-ups may also be triggered by extreme weather conditions that include:

Ø  Wind, which can stir up dust particles and pollens

Ø  Rain, which can promote the release of pollens

Ø  Extremely hot or cold weather

Ø  Excessive humidity or dry air

It weather condition are responsible for triggering your child’s asthma, it is important to stay updated with the weather forecast and take all the necessary measures like ask your child to wear a mask or cover his/her face with a scarf, limit your child’s outdoor activities and keep your child in a well-conditioned place. You might also need to increase the dose of your child’s medication.

If your child’s asthma is triggered by exercise

It is pertinent to note that exercise and increased physical exertion can also trigger asthma like various allergens. This is very much likely to happen with kids whose asthma is not managed properly. However, it is important to understand that stopping your little one from indulging in games and other physical activities can trigger other health issues and instead of doing so, you should simply limit the level of activity. Make sure your child does not indulge in any rigorous physical activity and encourage him/her to only take part in the mild ones.

If your child’s asthma is triggered by GERD

Studies have shown that Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD can trigger the symptoms of asthma. In fact, the condition is much more common in people with asthma, as compared to the general population.  The content is marked by the backward flow of food from the stomach into the oesophagus. This can trigger nerve reflex which can cause the airways to tighten so as to prevent the acids from entering your lungs. If your child’s asthma is triggered by GERD, it is important to treat the condition.

Habits that help to healthify your lungs

Habits that help to healthify your lungs

Best lung specialist

With air pollution on the rise and the increased incidence of various pulmonary diseases and infections, taking care of your lungs has become the need of the hour. Just like any other part of your body, your lungs also undergo regular wear and tear which can affect their functionality in the long run. As we age, our lungs lose their flexibility and strength, making it difficult for us to breathe. However, the leading pulmonologist in Kolkata suggests that incorporating some healthy changes in your life and giving up some bad habits can significantly help to healthify your lungs. In this blog, we have discussed 2 such changes that you should definitely consider if you wish to keep your lungs healthy.

Refrain from smoking –

Smoking is injurious for your health. This is something that all smokers get to read on a daily basis. Yet they choose to ignore the signs. Smoking is one of the leading causes of lung cancer and various other malignancies, but it is pertinent to note that cancer is not the only problem that you need to worry about. Smoking has been associated with a wide range of lung diseases and ailments which include COPD, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and asthma. Smoking not only causes these diseases but can also add to their severity and decrease the effectiveness of the treatment.

Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals including nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar, which are extremely harmful to your lungs and can damage them beyond repair. These chemicals can trigger excessive production of mucus, thereby making it difficult for your lungs to clean themselves. This is often accompanied by severe irritation and inflammation of the pulmonary tissues, as a result of which your Airways become narrow. Smoking speeds up the ageing process of the lungs and leads to unnecessary wear and tear. Your habit of smoking is dangerous not only for you but also for those around you, as second-hand smoking, too, can prove to be equally harmful.

It doesn’t matter how long you have been addicted to that habit, giving it up for once and for all can help to do wonders for your lungs. The best lung specialist in Kolkata suggests that giving up the habit can also help to improve lung function and reverse the damage to some extent.

Exercise to improve lung function

The benefits of exercise are known to all. It helps to keep your body in shape and your system working well. When you exercise, your body needs more oxygen, for which your lungs have to work harder when you are at rest. Studies suggest that during exercise, a person’s breathing rate accelerates from 15 times per minute to 40 to 60 times per minute. This is the reason why doctors usually lay emphasis on cardio and aerobics.

Exercising not only helps to improve lung function but also decreases your vulnerability to various lung diseases. You do not necessarily need to go to the gym for this. You can try simple activities like walking, jogging, cycling and swimming.

While you are exercising, make sure that you do not overexert yourself. There are certain limitations and guidelines that you simply cannot overlook. Choose your activity level in accordance with your age. Avoid indulging in rigorous activities as these can harm your body. As important it is to exercise, it is equally important to take care of your diet, so as to make sure that you are getting all the nutrients and energy that your system needs. If you wish to know more about lung diseases or want to get yourself evaluated, you can consult doctors from the best hospital in Kolkata

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