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Understanding the Condition - Dyslexia

Posted on 06/20/2022 by CMRI


Overview

Dyslexia affects the way the brain processes visual symbols and word sounds. Word recognition, spelling, and the ability to match letters to sounds are all commonly affected. While dyslexia is a neurological disorder, it has nothing to do with IQ. This impairs the patient’s ability to write and read. Here we’ve discussed the condition with one of our best neurology doctors in Kolkata. So that you can have a better understanding of such a condition if you or someone you know is suffering from the same.

Understanding the condition - Dyslexia:

Dyslexia is not a medical condition. It is a congenital disorder that typically runs in families. Dyslexic people are not unintelligent or lazy. Most have ordinary to above-average intelligence and strive really hard to overcome their reading difficulties.

Dyslexia occurs as a result of a discrepancy in how the brain interprets information. Images of the brain demonstrate that people with dyslexia use different regions of the brain while reading than people without dyslexia.

What happens if you have dyslexia?

Most people believe that people with dyslexia reverse letters and numbers and view words backward. However, reversals are a natural component of growth and are experienced in many children until the first or second grade.

The major issue with dyslexia is difficulty detecting phonemes. These are the fundamental sounds of speech (the "b" sound in "bat" is a phoneme, for example). As a result, connecting the sound to the letter symbol for that sound and blending sounds into words is difficult.

Dyslexic people take a while to sound out words. Because word reading requires more concentration and time. This way the meaning of the word is frequently lost, and reading comprehension is low.

It's no surprise that people with dyslexia struggle with spelling. They might also find it difficult to communicate verbally and in writing. Dyslexia is a language processing problem, so it can impact both spoken and written language.

Reason for developing dyslexia:

Researchers are unsure what causes dyslexia, but they believe that an issue during development may impact how the brain processes information. They also believe that genetics (inherited traits) play a role. Although no gene for dyslexia has been discovered, dyslexia does run in families. And  is not caused by a physical condition such as impaired vision or hearing. People with dyslexia have difficulty receiving, organizing, remembering, or applying information.

How is it diagnosed?

As suggested by the best neurologist in Kolkata, as dyslexia is a complicated neurological illness, the care of dyslexic children is more complicated, even though the therapies are mostly educational. To rule out any contributory deficiencies, the doctor may undertake a physical exam and prescribe screening tests such as vision and hearing exams.

Managing dyslexia:

A variety of tactics and strategies are employed to assist people with dyslexia. These include recording lectures rather than taking notes; listening to books on tape rather than reading them; employing flashcards, and checking spelling and grammar with computer software. Time spent with speech and language therapists, and special education teachers may be part of the treatment plan. Most children with dyslexia adjust to their learning problems and remain in regular schools with support. Some students may require special education and attention as well.

To summarize, dyslexia is common in our society but is hardly recognized or understood. It is a chronic disorder that affects both children and adults in their educational and social surroundings. Adults with dyslexia do exist. However, they are frequently overlooked since they appear to operate normally.

If you believe that you know someone suffering from the same, consult our best neurology doctor in Kolkata.